What is Clomid?
Clomid is an ovulation stimulant used to treat certain types of infertility in women, specifically in women who are not ovulating properly. Clomid works by stimulating the release of eggs from the ovary, through the use of a medicine called clomifene citrate.
Clomid is a prescription only medication. You must have a prescription in order to buy it. However, we can prescribe it to you following a brief online assessment. Contact us for more information.
For more information about Clomid, consult the patient information leaflet.
How it works
Ovulation is the release of eggs from the ovary, and for some women with infertility issues, improper ovulation may be the cause. Clomid contains a medicine known as clomifene citrate, which works to help stimulate the proper release of eggs from the ovaries.
Clomid comes in the form of tablets, which are taken by swallowing. Some patients will see an effect after the first course of treatment, with most not usually needing more than three courses.
Before you take it
Before taking Clomid, you must consult with your doctor about the risks of becoming pregnant with more than one child at the same time, pregnancies where the baby grows outside of the womb (ectopic), and the possible increased risk of developing ovarian cancer.
You should not take Clomid if you suffer from allergies to any of the ingredients present, including the medicine clomifene. Clomid contains lactose and sucrose, which are types of sugars, which some people cannot tolerate. A full list of ingredients can be found in the patient information leaflet. For more information, you should contact your doctor.
If you have or have ever had liver disease, unusual menstrual bleeding with an unknown cause, a type of cancer that is affected by hormones, or a cyst on your ovary, then Clomid should not be taken.
Clomid should not be taken if you are currently pregnant. It is imperative that you take a test to determine if you are pregnant before taking Clomid.
Your doctor should first check for any other infertility causes before starting treatment with Clomid.
Special care must be taken with Clomid and your doctor or pharmacist should be consulted before use if:
- You are experiencing early menopause
- Have been told you are infertile
- You have stopped having periods due to being under-weight
- You have experienced fits or seizures in the past
- You have fibroids in your womb,
- You have polycystic ovaries or your ovaries are swollen
- If you have or have a family history of hypertriglyceridemia (an excess of fats in the blood)
If you are currently breastfeeding, your doctor should be consulted before taking Clomid. Clomid can reduce the amount of milk that is produced.
Do not operate tools or machinery if you experience eyesight problems, such as blurred vision, when taking Clomid.
It is vital that you continue taking taking Clomid until your doctor tells you to stop. If you stop taking Clomid before being instructed to, the treatment may not work.
Clomid can be affected by other medicines that you are currently taking, and can in turn affect those medicines. You should consult with your doctor before taking Clomid if you are taking any other medication.
This is not a complete list of warnings and interactions. For a full list, consult the patient information leaflet or ask your doctor for advice.
You should always take Clomid exactly as your doctor has prescribed. Do not exceed the stated dose. If you are in any way unsure of how to take this medicine, you should ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Your doctor will tell you when in your menstrual cycle to start taking the tablets. During the first course of treatment, one tablet is taken per day, for five days. You should never take the tablets for more than five days at a time. If the first course of treatment is not successful, then your doctor may increase the dose.
The second course of treatment should start at least 30 days after the first course. Most patients will not usually take more than three courses, however if ovulation does not occur after three courses then you should consult your doctor.
The tablets should be swallowed whole, with a drink of water. Do not crush or chew them.
Store Clomid in a cool, dry place, free from heat and moisture. Keep it out of the reach of children and pets.
Common Side Effects of Clomid
Like all medications, Clomid can cause side effects. If you experience any of these mild side effects in a manner that concerns you, or if they persist, they you should consult your doctor for advice. These side effects include:
- Increased period pain, heavy periods, or bleeding between periods
- Pain in the lower stomach
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
Clomid can also cause more serious side effects, If you experience any of these you should stop taking Clomid and contact your doctor immediately. These side effects include:
- Over-stimulation of the ovary (causing pelvis, stomach, or calf pain, swelling, difficulty in breathing)
- Blurred vision or spots in vision
- Liver problems that cause yellowing of the skin or eyes
- Sudden and severe headaches
- Mental illness such as psychosis
- Numbness, weakness, or paralysis
- Slurred speech
- Confusion or unsteadiness
Some people may experience an allergic reaction to Clomid. If this happens, you should stop taking Clomid and visit your doctor or a hospital immediately. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include:
- Swallowing or breathing problems
- Swelling of the lips, face, throat or tongue
In rare cases, fertility drugs have been reportedly linked with ovarian cancer, with some studies suggesting that prolonged clomifene use can increase the risk. It is therefore extremely important that the recommended duration of the treatment is not exceeded.
This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. For a complete list, consult the patient information leaflet or visit your doctor for advice.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Who is Clomid not suitable for?
Clomid should not be taken by children, adolescents, men, or women who have already gone through the menopause (post-menopausal).
Can I take Clomid while breastfeeding?
You should talk to your doctor before taking Clomid if you are breastfeeding, as it can lower the amount of milk that you produce.
What happens if I miss a dose?
If you forget to take Clomid, you should consult with your doctor, as you may need to change your treatment cycle. You should never take a double dose to make up for a missed tablet.
What happens if I take too much?
It can be dangerous to take too much Clomid. If you have taken more than you should, you must inform a doctor or visit a hospital casualty department right away. It is advisable to take the medicine packet with you so that the doctor knows what you have taken.